Copper Smelter Production

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The World Copper Factbook 2014

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Copper Smelter Production

World CopperSmelterProduction, 1980-2013

Thousand metric tonnes copper

Source: ICSG

17,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

 

Primary Feed

 

Secondary Feed

 

 

 

 

Smelting is the pyrometallurgical process used to produce copper metal. In 2013, world copper smelter production reached 16.8 million tonnes copper. Recently, the trend to recover copper directly from ores through leaching processes has been on the increase. Primary smelters use mine concentrates as their main source of feed (although some use copper scrap as well). Secondary copper smelters use copper scrap as their feed.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Trends in Copper Smelting Capacity, 1997 and 2017

Percentage share of total capacity, by technology type

Source: ICSG Directory of Copper Mines and Plants – July 2014

 

1997

 

2017

6.5%

1.1%

4%

0%

1%

14.5%

9%

 

 

15%

55.0%

22.9%

 

 

71%

 

Flash/Continuous

 

Reverb/Blast/Rotary

 

 

 

Modified Reverb/Convert

 

Electric

 

 

 

Low Grade EW

 

Unkown

 

 

The use of Flash/Continuous technology accounted for 55% in total copper smelting capacity in 1997. This share rose to almost 70% in 2013. It is expected to remain around this level until 2017.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

CopperSmelterProduction byRegion,1990-2013

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990

1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

Africa

 

America

Asia

Europe

 

Oceania

Asia’s share of world copper smelter output jumped from 27% in 1990 to 57% in 2013 as smelter production in China expanded rapidly.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Copper Smelter Production by Country: Top 20 Countries in 2013

Thousand metric tonnes Source: ICSG

China Japan

Chile Russian Fed.

India Korean Rep. Poland Zambia

United States Germany Australia Bulgaria

Kazakhstan Peru Canada Indonesia Brazil

Mexico

Spain

Iran

0

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

In 2013, China accounted for over a third of world copper smelter production, followed by Japan (9%), Chile (8%) and the Russian Federation (5%).

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Copper Smelter Production

World Copper Smelter Production, 1980-2012

Thousand metric tonnes copper

Source: ICSG

17,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

 

Primary Feed

 

Secondary Feed

 

 

 

 

Smelting is the pyrometallurgical process used to produce copper metal. In 2012, world copper smelter production reached 16.7 million tonnes copper. Recently, the trend to recover copper directly from ores through leaching processes has been on the increase. Primary smelters use mine concentrates as their main source of feed (although some use copper scrap as well). Secondary copper smelters use copper scrap as their feed.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Trends in Copper Smelting Capacity, 1996-2016

Thousand metric tonnes copper

Source: ICSG Directory of Copper Mines and Plants - February 2013

24,000

20,000

16,000

12,000

8,000

4,000

                                                                                                       

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1996

1998

2000

2002

 

 

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

2014

2016

 

 

Flash/Continuous

 

 

 

Reverb/Blast/Rotary

 

Modified Reverb/Convert

 

 

Electric

 

 

 

Low Grade EW

 

 

Unkown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Copper Smelter Production by Region, 1990-2012

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Africa

America

Asia

Europe

Oceania

Asia’s share of world copper smelter output jumped from 27% in 1990 to 56% in 2012 as smelter production in China expanded rapidly.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Copper Smelter Production by Country: Top 20 Countries in 2012

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

China

Japan

Chile

Russian Fed.

India

Korean Rep.

Poland

Germany

Zambia

United States

Australia

Kazakhstan

Bulgaria

Canada

Spain

Peru

Indonesia

Iran

Mexico

Brazil

0

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

In 2012, China accounted for 32% of world copper smelter output, followed by Japan (10%), Chile (8%) and the Russian Federation (5%).

Copper Production and Usage details
Copper Mine Production
Refined Copper Production and Usage
World Copper and Copper Alloys Semis Production
Major Uses of Copper
Global Copper use
Global Lead & Zinc Scenario
End Uses of Lead & Zinc
Lead & Zinc Stocks & Prices

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