Refined Copper Production and Usage

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The World Copper Factbook 2014

Refined Copper Production

World Refined Copper Production, 1960-2013

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

20,000

17,500

15,000

12,500

10,000

7,500

5,000

2,500

0

1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

Refinery Primary Refinery Secondary Refinery SX-EW

With the emergence of solvent extraction-electrowinning, (SX-EW) technology, refined copper produced from leaching ores has been on the rise, increasing from less than 1% of world refined copper production in the late 1960’s to 18% of world output in 2013.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Trends in Refined Capacity, 1997-2017

Thousand metric tonnes copper

Source: ICSG Directory of Copper Mines and Plants - July 2014

30,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017

 

 

 

Electrolytic

 

Electrowinning

 

Fire Refining

 

 

This chart shows world copper refinery capacity by refining process. The ratio between production and capacity is called the capacity utilization rate. The world refinery capacity utilization rate was around 79% in 2013.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Refined CopperProduction byRegion, 1990-2013

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

0 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012

 

Africa

 

America

 

Asia

 

Europe

 

Oceania

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Region with the highest output of refined copper in 1990: the Americas (4,250 kt), followed by Europe (3,000 kt)

Leading region in the world in 2013: Asia (10,340 kt) as compared to 2,500kt in 1990.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Refined Copper Production by Country: Top 20 Countries in 2013

Thousand metric tonnes Source: ICSG

China Chile

Japan United States Russian Fed.

Germany

Congo

India Korean Rep. Zambia Poland

Australia

Belgium

Mexico

Peru

Spain Kazakhstan

Canada

Brazil Bulgaria

0

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

7,000

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Major International Trade Flows of Refined Copper1

Major Exporters of

Major Importers of

Refined Copper,

Refined Copper,

2013

2013

1.

Chile

1.

China

2.

Japan

2.

United States

3.

Australia

3.

Germany

4.

Kazakhstan

4.

Italy

5.

Poland

5.

Malaysia

6.

China

6.

Taiwan

7.

Peru

7.

Turkey

8.

Malaysia

8.

Korean Rep.

9.

India

9.

Thailand

10.

Belgium

10.

Brazil

1Figure is intended to illustrate trade flows but not actual trade routes. Detailed trade matrices are available in ICSG Statistical Yearbook.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

24,000

22,000

20,000

18,000

16,000

14,000

12,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

0

World Refined Copper Usage, 1900-2013

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

Since 1900, apparent usage for refined copper has increased from less than 500 thousand tonnes to 21.2 million metric tonnes in 2013 as usage over the period grew by a compound annual growth rate of 3.4% per year.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

Refined Copper Usage by Region, 1960, 1980 & 2013

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

 

14,000

 

 

Copper

12,000

 

 

10,000

 

 

Tonnes

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

 

 

Metric

6,000

 

 

4,000

 

 

Thousand

 

 

2,000

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960

1980

2013

Europe

Africa

Asia

Latin America

North America

Oceania

The key driver to global refined copper usage has been Asia, where demand has expanded more than fivefold over the last 30 years.

The World Copper Factbook 2014

World Refined Copper Usage* per Capita: 1950-2013

Sources: ICSG and US Census Bureau

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population (bln)

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0

person per kg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.0

 

 

1950

1955

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

 

 

World Population

Refined Copper Usage per Capita

 

 

*Refined copper is typically consumed by semis fabricators or the “first users” of refined copper, including ingot makers, master alloy plants, wire rod plants, brass mills, alloy wire mills, foundries and foil mills. As a result, per capita consumption of refined copper refers to the amount of copper consumed by industry divided by the total population and does not represent consumption of copper in finished products per person.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Refined Copper Production

World Refined Copper Production, 1960-2012

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

20,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960

1964

1968

1972

1976

1980

1984

1988

1992

1996

2000

2004

2008

2012

 

Refinery Primary

 

Refinery Secondary

Refinery SX-EW

 

 

 

 

With the emergence of solvent extraction-electrowinning (SX-EW) technology, refined copper produced from leaching ores has been on the rise, increasing from less than 1% of world refined copper production in the late 1960’s to 18% of world output in 2012.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Trends in Refined Capacity, 1996-2016

Thousand metric tonnes copper

Source: ICSG Directory of Copper Mines and Plants - February 2013

30,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

2014

2016

 

 

 

Electrolytic

 

Electrowinning

Fire Refining

 

 

This chart shows world copper refinery capacity by refining process. The ratio between production and capacity is called the capacity utilization rate. The world refinery capacity utilization rate was around 79% in 2012.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Refined Copper Production by Region, 1990-2012

Thousand metric tonnes

Source: ICSG

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Africa

America

Asia

Europe

Oceania

Region with the highest output of refined copper in 1990: the Americas (4,250 kt), followed by Europe (3,000 kt)

Leading region in the world in 2012: Asia (9,720 kt) as compared to 2,500kt in 1990.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Refined Copper Production by Country: Top 20 Countries in 2012

Thousand metric tonnes Source: ICSG

China

Chile

Japan United States Russian Fed.

India Germany Korean Rep. Poland Zambia Australia Congo Spain Belgium Mexico Kazakhstan Peru Canada Bulgaria Iran

0

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Major International Trade Flows of Refined Copper1

Major Exporters of

Major Importers of

Refined Copper,

Refined Copper,

2012

2012

1.

Chile

1.

China

2.

Japan

2.

Germany

3.

Australia

3.

United States

4.

Kazakhstan

4.

Italy

5.

Poland

5.

Taiwan

6.

Germany

6.

Turkey

7.

China

7.

Korean Rep.

8.

Zambia

8.

Brazil

9.

India

9.

Thailand

10.

Peru

10.

France

1Figure is intended to illustrate trade flows but not actual trade routes. Detailed trade matrices are available in ICSG Statistical Yearbook.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

World Refined Copper Usage, 1900-2012

Thousand metric tonnes Source: ICSG

20,000

18,000

16,000

14,000

12,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

0

Since 1900, demand for refined copper increased from less than 500 thousand tonnes to over 20 million metric tonnes in 2012 as demand over the period grew by a compound annual growth rate of 3.4% per year.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

Refined Copper Usage by Region, 1960, 1980 & 2012

Thousand metric tonnes Source: ICSG

Thousand Metric Tonnes Copper

Europe

Africa

Asia

Latin America

North America

 

Oceania

 

 

14,000

12,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

0

1960

1980

2012

Growth in refined copper usage has been especially strong in Asia, where demand has expanded more than fivefold over the last 30 years.

The World Copper Factbook 2013

World Refined Copper Usage* per Capita: 1950-2012

Sources: ICSG and US Census Bureau

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.0

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.5

Population (bln)

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kgpersonper

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.0

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.5

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.0

 

1950

1955

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

 

World Population

 

Refined Copper Usage per Capita

 

 

*Refined copper is typically consumed by semis fabricators or the “first users” of refined copper, including ingot makers, master alloy plants, wire rod plants, brass mills, alloy wire mills, foundries and foil mills. As a result, per capita consumption of refined copper refers to the amount of copper consumed by industry divided by the total population and does not represent consumption of copper in finished products per person.

Copper Production and Usage details
Copper Mine Production
Copper Smelter Production
World Copper and Copper Alloys Semis Production
Major Uses of Copper
Global Copper use
Global Lead & Zinc Scenario
End Uses of Lead & Zinc
Lead & Zinc Stocks & Prices

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